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Castel Sant'Angelo (Mausoleum of Hadrian), Rome



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Taken on: July 4, 2016
Tags: Everybody's photos tagged with The Mausoleum of Hadrian The Mausoleum of Hadrian Everybody's photos tagged with usually known as Castel Sant'Angelo usually known as Castel Sant'Angelo Everybody's photos tagged with is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano more » Everybody's photos tagged with Rome Rome Everybody's photos tagged with Italy. It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle Italy. It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle Everybody's photos tagged with and is now a museum. The Castle was once the tallest building in Rome. The tomb of the Roman emperor Hadrian and is now a museum. The Castle was once the tallest building in Rome. The tomb of the Roman emperor Hadrian Everybody's photos tagged with also called Hadrian's mole also called Hadrian's mole Everybody's photos tagged with was erected on the right bank of the Tiber was erected on the right bank of the Tiber Everybody's photos tagged with between 134 and 139 AD. Originally the mausoleum was a decorated cylinder between 134 and 139 AD. Originally the mausoleum was a decorated cylinder Everybody's photos tagged with with a garden top and golden quadriga. Hadrian's ashes were placed here a year after his death in Baiae in 138 with a garden top and golden quadriga. Hadrian's ashes were placed here a year after his death in Baiae in 138 Everybody's photos tagged with together with those of his wife Sabina together with those of his wife Sabina Everybody's photos tagged with and his first adopted son and his first adopted son Everybody's photos tagged with Lucius Aelius Lucius Aelius Everybody's photos tagged with who also died in 138. Following this who also died in 138. Following this Everybody's photos tagged with the remains of succeeding emperors were also placed here the remains of succeeding emperors were also placed here Everybody's photos tagged with the last recorded deposition being Caracalla in 217. The urns containing these ashes were probably placed in what is now known as the Treasury room deep within the building. Hadrian also built the Pons Aelius facing straight onto the mausoleum – it still the last recorded deposition being Caracalla in 217. The urns containing these ashes were probably placed in what is now known as the Treasury room deep within the building. Hadrian also built the Pons Aelius facing straight onto the mausoleum – it still Everybody's photos tagged with and is renowned for the Baroque additions of statues of angels holding aloft elements of the Passion of Christ. Much of the tomb contents and decorations have been lost since the building's conversion to a military fortress in 401 and its subsequent inclu and is renowned for the Baroque additions of statues of angels holding aloft elements of the Passion of Christ. Much of the tomb contents and decorations have been lost since the building's conversion to a military fortress in 401 and its subsequent inclu Everybody's photos tagged with and the original decorative bronze and stone statuary were thrown down upon the attacking Goths when they besieged Rome in 537 and the original decorative bronze and stone statuary were thrown down upon the attacking Goths when they besieged Rome in 537 Everybody's photos tagged with as recounted by Procopius. An unusual survivor as recounted by Procopius. An unusual survivor Everybody's photos tagged with however however Everybody's photos tagged with is the capstone of a funerary urn (probably that of Hadrian) is the capstone of a funerary urn (probably that of Hadrian) Everybody's photos tagged with which made its way to Saint Peter's Basilica which made its way to Saint Peter's Basilica Everybody's photos tagged with covered the tomb of Otto II and later was incorporated into a massive Renaissance baptistery. The use of spolia from the tomb in the post-Roman period was noted in the 16th century — Giorgio Vasari writes:      ...in order to build churches for the use of covered the tomb of Otto II and later was incorporated into a massive Renaissance baptistery. The use of spolia from the tomb in the post-Roman period was noted in the 16th century — Giorgio Vasari writes: ...in order to build churches for the use of Everybody's photos tagged with not only were the most honoured temples of the idols [pagan Roman gods] destroyed not only were the most honoured temples of the idols [pagan Roman gods] destroyed Everybody's photos tagged with but in order to ennoble and decorate Saint Peter's with more ornaments than it then possessed but in order to ennoble and decorate Saint Peter's with more ornaments than it then possessed Everybody's photos tagged with they took away the stone columns from the tomb of Hadrian they took away the stone columns from the tomb of Hadrian Everybody's photos tagged with now the castle of Sant'Angelo now the castle of Sant'Angelo Everybody's photos tagged with as well as many other things which we now see in ruins.  Legend holds that the Archangel Michael appeared atop the mausoleum as well as many other things which we now see in ruins. Legend holds that the Archangel Michael appeared atop the mausoleum Everybody's photos tagged with sheathing his sword as a sign of the end of the plague of 590 sheathing his sword as a sign of the end of the plague of 590 Everybody's photos tagged with thus lending the castle its present name. A less charitable yet more apt elaboration of the legend thus lending the castle its present name. A less charitable yet more apt elaboration of the legend Everybody's photos tagged with given the militant disposition of this archangel given the militant disposition of this archangel Everybody's photos tagged with was heard by the 15th-century traveler who saw an angel statue on the castle roof. He recounts that during a prolonged season of the plague was heard by the 15th-century traveler who saw an angel statue on the castle roof. He recounts that during a prolonged season of the plague Everybody's photos tagged with Pope Gregory I heard that the populace Pope Gregory I heard that the populace Everybody's photos tagged with even Christians even Christians Everybody's photos tagged with had begun revering a pagan idol at the church of Santa Agata in Suburra. A vision urged the pope to lead a procession to the church. Upon arriving had begun revering a pagan idol at the church of Santa Agata in Suburra. A vision urged the pope to lead a procession to the church. Upon arriving Everybody's photos tagged with the idol miraculously fell apart with a clap of thunder. Returning to St Peter's by the Aelian Bridge the idol miraculously fell apart with a clap of thunder. Returning to St Peter's by the Aelian Bridge Everybody's photos tagged with the pope had another vision of an angel atop the castle the pope had another vision of an angel atop the castle Everybody's photos tagged with wiping the blood from his sword on his mantle wiping the blood from his sword on his mantle Everybody's photos tagged with and then sheathing it. While the pope interpreted this as a sign that God was appeased and then sheathing it. While the pope interpreted this as a sign that God was appeased Everybody's photos tagged with this did not prevent Gregory from destroying more sites of pagan worship in Rome. The popes converted the structure into a castle this did not prevent Gregory from destroying more sites of pagan worship in Rome. The popes converted the structure into a castle Everybody's photos tagged with beginning in the 14th century; Pope Nicholas III connected the castle to St Peter's Basilica by a covered fortified corridor called the Passetto di Borgo. The fortress was the refuge of Pope Clement VII from the siege of Charles V's Landsknechte during th beginning in the 14th century; Pope Nicholas III connected the castle to St Peter's Basilica by a covered fortified corridor called the Passetto di Borgo. The fortress was the refuge of Pope Clement VII from the siege of Charles V's Landsknechte during th Everybody's photos tagged with in which Benvenuto Cellini describes strolling the ramparts and shooting enemy soldiers.  Leo X built a chapel with a Madonna by Raffaello da Montelupo. In 1536 Montelupo also created a marble statue of Saint Michael holding his sword after the 590 plague in which Benvenuto Cellini describes strolling the ramparts and shooting enemy soldiers. Leo X built a chapel with a Madonna by Raffaello da Montelupo. In 1536 Montelupo also created a marble statue of Saint Michael holding his sword after the 590 plague Everybody's photos tagged with to ensure that in any future siege the pope had an appropriate place to stay.  Montelupo's statue was replaced by a bronze statue of the same subject to ensure that in any future siege the pope had an appropriate place to stay. Montelupo's statue was replaced by a bronze statue of the same subject Everybody's photos tagged with executed by the Flemish sculptor Peter Anton von Verschaffelt executed by the Flemish sculptor Peter Anton von Verschaffelt Everybody's photos tagged with in 1753. Verschaffelt's is still in place and Montelupo's can be seen in an open court in the interior of the Castle.  The Papal state also used Sant'Angelo as a prison; Giordano Bruno in 1753. Verschaffelt's is still in place and Montelupo's can be seen in an open court in the interior of the Castle. The Papal state also used Sant'Angelo as a prison; Giordano Bruno Everybody's photos tagged with was imprisoned there for six years. Another prisoner was the sculptor and goldsmith Benvenuto Cellini. Executions were performed in the small inner courtyard. As a prison was imprisoned there for six years. Another prisoner was the sculptor and goldsmith Benvenuto Cellini. Executions were performed in the small inner courtyard. As a prison « less
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